The first 11 studies

These 11 studies of emotions seem to support the structure of the SDG*Chart of Emotions.  


 1) gladness + joy

”Analyses of the data establish clear distinctions between elation and gladness and suggest that there may also be a distinct structure for joy.”

-DE RIVERA, Joseph et al,(1989). Distinguishing elation, gladness, and joy.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 57(6), Dec 1989, 1015-1023  


2) activity + vitality

“possible involvement the opioids in the exercise-induced enhancement of natural immunity is discussed”

-JONSDOTTIR, IH (1997). Physical exercise, endogenous opioids and immune function.

Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. Supplementum [1997, 640:47-50]  


3) affection + faithfulness

”affection is positively correlated to the level of commitment”

-HOROWITZ, Amy  et al, (1983). Reciprocity and Affection. Past Influences on Current Caregiving.

Journal of Gerontological Social Work , Volume 5, Issue 3,1983, 5-20


4) alieniation + agony

“Recent research indicates that ostracism is painful”

-VAN BEEST, Ilja; WILLIAMS, Kipling D (2006). When inclusion costs and ostracism pays, ostracism still hurts.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology91.5 (Nov 2006): 918-928.


5) alienation + despair

”Those with the lowest level of social support were most likely to be thinking about killing themselves one year later.”

-HANDLEY, Tonelle et el (2011). You’ve got to have friends: the predictive value of social integration and support in suicidal ideation among rural communities

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology August 2012, Volume 47, Issue 8, pp 1281-1290      


6) depression + motionlessness

“Sufficient evidence now exists for the effectiveness of exercise in the treatment of clinical depression.”

FOX, Kenneth R Fox, (1999). The influence of physical activity on mental well-being.

Public Health Nutrition / Volume 2 / Supplement 3a / March 1999, pp 411-418


7) anxiety + motionlessness

“exercise training improved anxiety levels”

-LONG, Bonita C. (1995). Effects of exercise training on anxiety: A meta-analysis

Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, Volume 7, Issue 2, 1995


8) anxiety + helplessness

“Individuals with high math anxiety demonstrated smaller working memory spans” –

ASHCRAFT, Mark H, (2001).

The relationships among working memory, math anxiety, and performance.

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Vol 130(2), Jun 2001, 224-237.


9) busyness + symptoms

“Wound healing took significantly longer in caregivers than in controls.”

-KIECOLT-GLASER, J.K. (1995). Slowing of wound healing by psychological stress.

Lancet, Volume 346, Issue 8984, 4 November 1995, Pages 1194–1196


10) envy + temptation

”Four studies tested the hypothesis that the emotion of benign envy, but not the emotions of admiration or malicious envy, motivates people to improve themselves.”

-VAN DE VEN, Niels,et al. (2011). Why Envy Outperforms Admiration.

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, June 2011 vol. 37 no. 6 784-795


11) envy+ admiration

”The close relations between envy, admiration, and narcissism are illustrated with the case of a 26-yr-old woman.”

-SANDELL, Rolf (1993). Envy and admiration.

The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Vol 74(6), Dec 1993, 1213-1221